用自建kinetics-skeleton行为识别数据集训练st-gcn网络流程记录

0. 准备工作

首先就是把st-gcn网络的运行环境完全配置好了,并且可以正常进行行为识别

配置环境参考:

1. 复现旧版STGCN GPU版 (win10+openpose1.5.0)

2. 复现st-gcn(win10+openpose1.5.1+VS2017+cuda10+cudnn7.6.4)

对于准备自己的数据集,作者有提到具体的做法,如下所示

we first resized all videos to the resolution of 340x256 and converted the frame rate to 30 fps

we extracted skeletons from each frame in Kinetics by Openpose

rebuild the database by this command:
python tools/kinetics_gendata.py --data_path <path to kinetics-skeleton>

To train a new ST-GCN model, run
python main.py recognition -c config/st_gcn/<dataset>/train.yaml [--work_dir <work folder>]

1. 下载/裁剪视频

把准备好的视频裁剪成5-8s的视频,用剪映可能比较方便简单

再把裁剪好的视频,利用脚本左右镜像翻转一下,扩充一下数据集,脚本:

import os
import skvideo.io
import cv2

if __name__ == '__main__':

    ###########################修改处################
    type_number = 12
    typename_list = []
    #################################################

    for type_index in range(type_number):
        
        type_filename = typename_list[type_index]

        #视频所在文件夹
        originvideo_file = './mydata/裁剪/{}/'.format(type_filename)

        videos_file_names = os.listdir(originvideo_file)

        #1. 左右镜像翻转视频
        for file_name in videos_file_names:
            video_path = '{}{}'.format(originvideo_file, file_name)

            name_without_suffix = file_name.split('.')[0]
            outvideo_path = '{}{}_mirror.mp4'.format(originvideo_file, name_without_suffix)

            writer = skvideo.io.FFmpegWriter(outvideo_path,
                                        outputdict={'-f': 'mp4', '-vcodec': 'libx264', '-r':'30'})
            reader = skvideo.io.FFmpegReader(video_path)
            for frame in reader.nextFrame():
                frame_mirror = cv2.flip(frame, 1)
                writer.writeFrame(frame_mirror)
            writer.close()
            print('{} mirror success'.format(file_name))

        print('the video in {} are all mirrored'.format(type_filename))
        print('-------------------------------------------------------')

2. 利用OpenPose提取骨骼点数据,制作kinetics-skeleton数据集

这一步主要的目的是把自己的视频数据集创建成kinetics-skeleton数据集一样的格式,格式大致如下图

在这里插入图片描述

st-gcn作者有提供他们整理好并使用的kinetics-skeleton数据集,GoogleDrive,不过是谷歌网盘,需要翻墙才能下载。我这里上传到了百度网盘,提取码:sqpx,仅供参考

首先就是按照类别,把自己的视频分门别类,放在不同的文件夹下,然后主要通过两个脚本来提取数据。

第一个自己写的脚本的主要部分如下所示。这个脚本可以说是st-gcn源代码的./processor/demo_old.py中的一部分。主要先对视频数据进行resize至340x256的大小,30fps的帧率。然后调用openpose的进行骨骼点数据的检测和输出。我在其基础上加了一些批量处理各个文件夹下的视频数据的操作。

#!/usr/bin/env python
import os
import argparse
import json
import shutil

import numpy as np
import torch
import skvideo.io

from .io import IO
import tools
import tools.utils as utils

class PreProcess(IO):
    """
        利用openpose提取自建数据集的骨骼点数据
    """
    def start(self):

        work_dir = './st-gcn-master'

        ###########################修改处################
        type_number = 12
        gongfu_filename_list = ['1', '2', '3', '4', '5', '6', '7', '8', '9', '10', '11', '12']
        #################################################

        for process_index in range(type_number):
            
            gongfu_filename = gongfu_filename_list[process_index]
            #标签信息
            labelgongfu_name = 'xxx_{}'.format(process_index)
            label_no = process_index

            #视频所在文件夹
            originvideo_file = './mydata/裁剪/{}/'.format(gongfu_filename)
            #resized视频输出文件夹
            resizedvideo_file = './mydata/裁剪/resized/{}/'.format(gongfu_filename)

            videos_file_names = os.listdir(originvideo_file)

            #1. Resize文件夹下的视频到340x256 30fps
            for file_name in videos_file_names:
                video_path = '{}{}'.format(originvideo_file, file_name)
                outvideo_path = '{}{}'.format(resizedvideo_file, file_name)
                writer = skvideo.io.FFmpegWriter(outvideo_path,
                                            outputdict={'-f': 'mp4', '-vcodec': 'libx264', '-s': '340x256', '-r':'30'})
                reader = skvideo.io.FFmpegReader(video_path)
                for frame in reader.nextFrame():
                    writer.writeFrame(frame)
                writer.close()
                print('{} resize success'.format(file_name))

            #2. 利用openpose提取每段视频骨骼点数据
            resizedvideos_file_names = os.listdir(resizedvideo_file)
            for file_name in resizedvideos_file_names:
                outvideo_path = '{}{}'.format(resizedvideo_file, file_name)

                #openpose = '{}/examples/openpose/openpose.bin'.format(self.arg.openpose)
                openpose = '{}/OpenPoseDemo.exe'.format(self.arg.openpose)
                video_name = file_name.split('.')[0]
                output_snippets_dir = './mydata/裁剪/resized/snippets/{}'.format(video_name)
                output_sequence_dir = './mydata/裁剪/resized/data'
                output_sequence_path = '{}/{}.json'.format(output_sequence_dir, video_name)
            
                label_name_path = '{}/resource/kinetics_skeleton/label_name_gongfu.txt'.format(work_dir)
                with open(label_name_path) as f:
                    label_name = f.readlines()
                    label_name = [line.rstrip() for line in label_name]
        
                # pose estimation
                openpose_args = dict(
                    video=outvideo_path,
                    write_json=output_snippets_dir,
                    display=0,
                    render_pose=0, 
                    model_pose='COCO')
                command_line = openpose + ' '
                command_line += ' '.join(['--{} {}'.format(k, v) for k, v in openpose_args.items()])
                shutil.rmtree(output_snippets_dir, ignore_errors=True)
                os.makedirs(output_snippets_dir)
                os.system(command_line)

                # pack openpose ouputs
                video = utils.video.get_video_frames(outvideo_path)

                height, width, _ = video[0].shape

                # 这里可以修改label, label_index
                video_info = utils.openpose.json_pack(
                    output_snippets_dir, video_name, width, height, labelgongfu_name, label_no)
                
                if not os.path.exists(output_sequence_dir):
                    os.makedirs(output_sequence_dir)

                with open(output_sequence_path, 'w') as outfile:
                    json.dump(video_info, outfile)
                if len(video_info['data']) == 0:
                    print('{} Can not find pose estimation results.'.format(file_name))
                    return
                else:
                    print('{} pose estimation complete.'.format(file_name))

之后就是把提取得到的骨骼点数据的json文件做一下整理,按照上面图中的kinetics-skeleton数据集的格式。kinetics_train文件夹保存训练数据,kinetics_val文件夹保存验证数据。文件夹外两个json文件主要包含了对应文件夹中所有的文件名称、行为标签名和行为标签索引。这两个json文件的生成脚本可以参考如下所示

import json
import os

if __name__ == '__main__':
    train_json_path = './mydata/kinetics-skeleton/kinetics_train'
    val_json_path = './mydata/kinetics-skeleton/kinetics_val'

    output_train_json_path = './mydata/kinetics-skeleton/kinetics_train_label.json'
    output_val_json_path = './mydata/kinetics-skeleton/kinetics_val_label.json'

    train_json_names = os.listdir(train_json_path)
    val_json_names = os.listdir(val_json_path)

    train_label_json = dict()
    val_label_json = dict()


    for file_name in train_json_names:
        name = file_name.split('.')[0]
        json_file_path = '{}/{}'.format(train_json_path, file_name)
        json_file = json.load(open(json_file_path))

        file_label = dict()
        if len(json_file['data']) == 0:
            file_label['has_skeleton'] = False
        else:
            file_label['has_skeleton'] = True
        file_label['label'] = json_file['label']
        file_label['label_index'] = json_file['label_index']

        train_label_json['{}'.format(name)] = file_label

        print('{} success'.format(file_name))

    with open(output_train_json_path, 'w') as outfile:
        json.dump(train_label_json, outfile)

    for file_name in val_json_names:
        name = file_name.split('.')[0]
        json_file_path = '{}/{}'.format(val_json_path, file_name)
        json_file = json.load(open(json_file_path))

        file_label = dict()
        if len(json_file['data']) == 0:
            file_label['has_skeleton'] = False
        else:
            file_label['has_skeleton'] = True
        file_label['label'] = json_file['label']
        file_label['label_index'] = json_file['label_index']

        val_label_json['{}'.format(name)] = file_label

        print('{} success'.format(file_name))

    with open(output_val_json_path, 'w') as outfile:
        json.dump(val_label_json, outfile)

3. 训练st-gcn网络

这一部分可以参考如下所示的博文中的 第三------第六 部分

st-gcn训练自建行为识别数据集

4. 用自己训练的st-gcn网络跑demo,并可视化

这部分可以通过改写st-gcn源码中的./processor/demo_old.py脚本来实现。主要需要注意的是,记得修改读取的行为类别的标签文件名,以及修改对应的yaml配置文件中模型名称和类别数量等参数

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